How Does Car Insurance Work? The Basics Explained
Published On  10th July 2024

Car insurance is a legal agreement signed between you and the insurance firm and it ensures you are covered against all the expenses that you may incur from an car mishap, theft, or any other act of destruction. 

Here’s a breakdown of how car insurance works:

Types of Coverage

1. Liability Coverage:

- Bodily Injury Liability: Pays for the medical bills and compensation to other people’s lost wages and attorney cost if you are at fault in an accident.

- Property Damage Liability: It provides for the compensation of the other party’s loss of car or property in a mishap.

2. Collision Coverage:

- Covers costs in the event of your vehicle getting damaged by an accident, with another car or an object, or even if it was your mistake.

3. Comprehensive Coverage:

- Protects your automobile from occurrences apart from accidents like theft, fire, malicious destruction, or acts of nature.

4. Personal Injury Protection (PIP) or Medical Payments Coverage:Personal Injury Protection (PIP) or Medical Payments Coverage:

- Covers you and your passengers for medical costs, whether or not the accident was your fault.

5. Uninsured/Underinsured Motorist Coverage:

- Covers you when involved in an accident with a driver who either has minimal or no insurance coverage at all.

 How It Works

1. Premiums:

- It is a kind of recurrent payment (either monthly or yearly) known as the premium needed to keep the car insurance active. The premium you are to pay depends on aspects like; your history on the road; your age; your geographical location; and the make of your car.

2. Deductibles:

- When you make your claim, you a pay a set amount from your bank account to cater for the expenses before the insurance company has to do so (deductible). Thus, health plans with higher deductibles have lower premiums than health plans with lower deductibles.

3. Filing a Claim:

- When in the event of a loss or damage that has been catered by your insurance, then you submit a claim to the insurance firm. They will examine the quantity of the loses and decide on the amount to be paid depending on terms of the policy.

4. Payouts:

- The insurance company bears the cost of any losses that are within the policy’s coverage to the limit to its maximum. This can comprise car repair, insurance, health, bills such as lawyers and doctors, among other things.


Auto insurance refers to a financial product that offers to reimburse for adverse events that occur on the roads, such as accidents and theft, among others. Based on what has been explained on the types of coverage, and how to read through specific insurance and aspects such as the premiums, deductibles, and claims, determining the best coverage to go for as well as protecting oneself on the road will be easier.